Fórum sobre Medicalização da Educação e da Sociedade Both products utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes significantly surpassed this criterion. – Fórum Sobre Medicalização da Educação e da Sociedade

Both products utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes significantly surpassed this criterion.

Both products utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes significantly surpassed this criterion.

The number of 2 minute intervals coded for each variable related to sexual minorities was summed across the intervals in an episode to gauge the frequency with which same sex sexual behavior and talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues occurred within each program episode for purposes of reliability assessment. This summing lead to converting nominal data (for example., presence/absence) during the 2 moment interval degree into regularity counts in the system degree (wide range of periods for which exact same intercourse intimate behavior took place the episode). Therefore, the dependability analyses utilized the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The ICC is an evaluation associated with the percentage of variance when you look at the measures owing to coder agreement corrected for opportunity. For interval data for instance the regularity matters utilized right right here, the ICC is the same as Krippendorf’s alpha (Krippendorf, 1980).

An ICC of .70 ended up being utilized because the criterion for appropriate dependability. Both products utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes substantially surpassed this criterion. The ICC for same intercourse intimate behavior had been .97 in year 1 and .99 in 12 months 2. The ICC for mention nonheterosexual sexual dilemmas ended up being .89 in 12 months 1 and .95 in 12 months 2.

Information Analyses

To respond to initial group of research concerns concerning the prevalence of nonheterosexual product on tv, we used episode degree information ( e.g., percentages of episodes containing sex that is same behavior and containing explore intercourse pertaining to nonheterosexuals) and chi square analyses to look at between team distinctions with one of these nominal information. For the 2nd pair of research concerns, we utilized just those implies that included nonheterosexual sexual content and evaluated their regularity across 2 moment periods ( ag e.g., wide range of periods per hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). Of these analyses, we used t tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to try team distinctions. Significant omnibus F tests had been followed up with post hoc comparisons making use of Tamhane’s T2 test, which will not assume equal mobile size or equal variance, to recognize significant distinctions across groups.

Results.Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Content

About one in six programs inside our examples included any content that is sexualbehavior or talk) linked to nonheterosexuals. The increase that is slight nonheterosexual intimate content through the 2001 2002 period (14.5%) towards the 2002 2003 season (17.4%) had been significant, П‡ 2 (1, N = 2715) = 4.15, p dining dining Table 1 shows the portion of indicates that contained any same intercourse intimate behavior and any sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals by system genres, by style of community, and also by period of day aired. For system kind, the 11 channels had been categorized into certainly one of three groups: commercial broadcast (including the 3 major sites ABC, CBS, and NBC in addition to Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music activity (including BET and MTV), and premium cable film (including Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime). With regards to time of time broadcast, shows airing between 3:00 and 8:00 p.m. had been categorized as late evening that is afternoon/early those shown between 8:00 and 11:00 p.m. were classified as prime Fire Cam Com time.

Note: Within sort of system and time of day aired, percentages when you look at the exact same column that don’t share subscripts vary at p dining Table 1 ). Generally in most instances, there clearly was a high amount of communication between a genre’s general positions for exact exact same intercourse behavior that is sexual speak about nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas. Also, genres’ standings on both these factors had been fairly stable throughout the two tv periods.

Three genres had been regularly reduced in both kinds of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which contained sexual behavior or intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals either in year), news mags (0% for behavior and talk in 12 months 1; 3.2per cent and 6.5%, correspondingly, for behavior and talk in 12 months 2), and talk programs (0 and 3.0percent, correspondingly, for behavior and talk in 12 months 1; 2.2 and 8.9per cent, respectively, for behavior and talk for 12 months 2). 3 Genres that had a tendency to own the best proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content had been variety/comedy and component film. Designed for television films and programs classified as “other” additionally had fairly high proportions with nonheterosexual intimate content; nonetheless, both these groups included just only a few programs (letter = 7), rendering it tough to draw conclusions about them. Consequently, although we consist of these latter two genres when you look at the tables, we usually do not emphasize the findings connected with them.